The five equipping gifts in Ephesians 4 are ...
1) Apostle ... pioneering, entrepeneurial
2) Prophet ... discerning, convicting
3) Evangelist ... recruiting, decision motivator
4) Pastor ... shepherding, care-giving
5) Teacher ... educating
In their book, The Shaping of Things to Come (p.171-175), Hirsch & Frost suggest that the Ephesians 4 equipping gifts not only describe roles of leaders in the Body but also "the five-fold nature of the church's ministry." In other words, they believe these five categories are also general ministry functions that all Christ-followers fit into - in their unique Romans 12-gifted ways.
According to them, each of our Romans 12 giftedness fits into an Ephesians 4 ministry emphasis. For example, I have the gifts of leadership & exhortation. Frost & Hirsch's wider understanding of Ephesians 4 is that I am either an apostolic leader/exhorter, a prophetic leader/exhorter, an evangelistic leader/exhorter, a pastoral leader/exhorter, or a teaching leader/exhorter (or possibly some combination).
This is huge because, if true, it is a biblical prescription for understanding the main divisions of the Church's ministry... a relevant discovery for people looking to begin a new missional community in 2007!
So ... (& this is an honest question I don't have an answer for yet) ... Is it true? Does Ephesians 4 (please read the whole chapter) describe not only equipping individuals but also a five-fold structure for all ministry & mission? To those in our contributing group (& others)... please, please, please comment on this one.
Life & peace.